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World > Oceania > Tonga

   flag of Tonga
   Tonga

Introduction:
Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of 'The Friendly Islands' were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.


Official name: Kingdom of Tonga
Capital: name: Nuku'alofa
geographic coordinates: 21 08 S, 175 12 W
time difference: UTC+13 (18 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: constitutional monarchy
Population: 116,921 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Tongan, English
Official Currency: Tongan Pa'anga (TOP)
Currency code: TOP
Area: total: 748 sq km
land: 718 sq km
water: 30 sq km
Climate: tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)


Map of Tonga
map of Tonga


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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