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World > Europe > Sweden > Economy (Facts)

Sweden - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Aided by peace and neutrality for the whole of the 20th century, Sweden has achieved an enviable standard of living under a mixed system of high-tech capitalism and extensive welfare benefits. It has a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labor force. Timber, hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Privately owned firms account for about 90% of industrial output, of which the engineering sector accounts for 50% of output and exports. Agriculture accounts for only 1% of GDP and 2% of employment. The government's commitment to fiscal discipline resulted in a substantial budgetary surplus in 2001, which was cut by more than half in 2002 due to the global economic slowdown, declining revenue, and increased spending. The Swedish central bank (the Riksbank) focuses on price stability with its inflation target of 2%. Growth remained sluggish in 2003 but picked up during 2004-06. Presumably because of generous sick-leave benefits, Swedish workers report in sick more often than other Europeans. In September 2003, Swedish voters turned down entry into the euro system concerned about the impact on the economy and sovereignty.
GDP - real growth rate: 4.7% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $290.6 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $373.2 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $32,200 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.1%
industry: 28.1%
services: 70.9% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.7%
highest 10%: 20.1% (1992)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.4% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 4.59 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2%
industry: 24%
services: 74% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 5.6% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $222 billion
expenditures: $210.5 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
Industrial production growth rate: 4.3% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 150.5 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 137.8 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 17.8 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 15.6 billion kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 3,208 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 362,400 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 231,100 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 580,600 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 979 million cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk
Exports: $173.9 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals
Exports - partners: Germany 9.7%, US 9.2%, Norway 9.1%, UK 7.1%, Denmark 6.8%, Finland 5.9%, France 4.9%, Netherlands 4.7%, Belgium 4.5% (2006)
Imports: $151.8 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing
Imports - partners: Germany 17.2%, Denmark 9%, Norway 8.1%, UK 5.9%, Netherlands 5.7%, Finland 5.6%, France 4.5%, Belgium 4% (2006)
Debt - external: $598.2 billion (30 June 2006)
Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)

Current Swedish Krona Exchange Rates
Historical Swedish Krona Exchange Rates
Chart Swedish Krona Exchange Rates
Currency code: SEK
Exchange rates: Swedish kronor per US dollar - 7.3731 (2006), 7.4731 (2005), 7.3489 (2004), 8.0863 (2003), 9.7371 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Swedish Krona Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Swedish Krona Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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