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World > Asia > Philippines > Economy (Facts)

Philippines - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The Philippines was less severely affected by the Asian financial crisis of 1998 than its neighbors, aided in part by its high level of annual remittances from overseas workers, no sustained runup in asset prices, and more moderate debt, prior to the crisis. From a 0.6% decline in 1998, GDP expanded by 2.4% in 1999, and 4.4% in 2000, but slowed to 3.2% in 2001 in the context of a global economic slowdown, an export slump, and political and security concerns. Average GDP growth accelerated to about 5% between 2002 and 2006 reflecting the continued resilience of the service sector, and improved exports and agricultural output. Nonetheless, it will take a higher, sustained growth path to make appreciable progress in the alleviation of poverty given the Philippines' high annual population growth rate and unequal distribution of income. The Philippines also faces higher oil prices, higher interest rates on its dollar borrowings, and higher inflation. Fiscal constraints limit Manila's ability to finance infrastructure and social spending. The Philippines' consistently large budget deficit has produced a high debt level, and this situation has forced Manila to spend a large portion of the national government budget on debt service. Large unprofitable public enterprises, especially in the energy sector, contribute to the government's debt because of slow progress on privatization. Credit rating agencies have at times expressed concern about the Philippines' ability to service the debt, though central bank reserves appear adequate and large remittance inflows appear stable. The implementation of the expanded Value Added Tax (VAT) in November 2005 boosted confidence in the government's fiscal capacity and helped to strengthen the peso, making it East Asia's best performing currency in 2005-06. Investors and credit rating institutions will continue to look for effective implementation of the new VAT and continued improvement in the government's overall fiscal capacity in the coming year.
GDP - real growth rate: 5.4% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $449.8 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $116.9 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 14.2%
industry: 32.1%
services: 53.7% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 40% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.3%
highest 10%: 31.1% (2003)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.2% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 35.79 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 36%
industry: 15%
services: 49% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 7.9% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $19.53 billion
expenditures: $20.74 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Industrial production growth rate: 4.8% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 56.57 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption: 49.75 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production: 25,320 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 342,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 34,900 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 353,700 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 152 million bbl (31 December 2006)
Natural gas - production: 2.9 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish
Exports: $47.2 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits
Exports - partners: China 24.5%, US 15.2%, Japan 12.2%, Singapore 8.3%, Hong Kong 7.6%, Malaysia 4.4%, Netherlands 4% (2006)
Imports: $51.6 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic
Imports - partners: Japan 15.9%, US 13.7%, China 10.1%, Singapore 8.9%, Taiwan 7.2%, Saudi Arabia 4.8%, South Korea 4.7%, Hong Kong 4.6%, Thailand 4.6% (2006)
Debt - external: $54.06 billion (September 2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $532.4 million in commitments (2005)
Currency: Philippine Peso (PHP)

Current Philippine Peso Exchange Rates
Historical Philippine Peso Exchange Rates
Chart Philippine Peso Exchange Rates
Currency code: PHP
Exchange rates: Philippine pesos per US dollar - 51.246 (2006), 55.086 (2005), 56.04 (2004), 54.203 (2003), 51.604 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Philippine Peso Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Philippine Peso Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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