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World > South America > Suriname > Economy (Facts)

Suriname - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The economy is dominated by the mining industry, which accounts for more than a third of GDP and subjects government revenues to mineral price volatility. The short-term economic outlook depends on the government's ability to control inflation and on the development of projects in the bauxite and gold mining sectors. Suriname's economic prospects for the medium term will depend on continued commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and to the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition. The government of Ronald VENETIAAN, in his first term, implemented an austerity program, raised taxes, and attempted to control spending. Economic policies are likely to remain the same during VENETIAAN's second term. Prospects for local onshore oil production are good as a drilling program is underway. Offshore oil drilling was given a boost in 2004 when the State Oil Company (Staatsolie) signed exploration agreements with Repsol, Maersk, and Occidental. Bidding on these new offshore blocks was completed in July 2006.
GDP - real growth rate: 5% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.136 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $1.398 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $7,100 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 13%
industry: 22%
services: 65% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line: 70% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 9.5% (2005 est.)
Labor force: 156,700 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 8%
industry: 14%
services: 78% (2004)
Unemployment rate: 9.5% (2004)
Budget: revenues: $392.6 million
expenditures: $425.9 million (2004)
Industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
Industrial production growth rate: 6.5% (1994 est.)
Electricity - production: 1.509 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 1.403 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 9,462 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 11,200 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 3,151 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 6,032 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 111 million bbl (1 January 2005)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: paddy rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; shrimp; forest products
Exports: $881 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Exports - commodities: alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
Exports - partners: Norway 24.7%, Canada 16.6%, US 13.6%, Belgium 10.5%, France 9.1%, UAE 7.5%, Iceland 4.5% (2006)
Imports: $750 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Imports - commodities: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
Imports - partners: US 29%, Netherlands 18.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 14.6%, Japan 5%, Brazil 5%, China 4.9% (2006)
Debt - external: $504.3 million (2005 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $46 million
note: Netherlands provided $37 million for project and program assistance, European Development Fund $4 million, Belgium $2 million (2003)
Currency: Suriname Guilder (SRG)
Currency code: SRG
Exchange rates: Surinamese dollars per US dollar - (2006), 2.7317 (2005), 2.7336 (2004), 2.6013 (2003), 2.3468 (2002)
note: during 1998, the exchange rate splintered into four distinct rates; in January 1999 the government floated the guilder, but subsequently fixed it when the black-market rate plunged; in January 2004, the government replaced the guilder with the Surinamese dollar, tied to a US dollar-dominated currency basket
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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