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World > Europe > Norway > Economy (Facts)

Norway - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through large-scale state enterprises. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil production and international oil prices, with oil and gas accounting for one-third of exports. Only Saudi Arabia and Russia export more oil than Norway. Norway opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994; nonetheless, as a member of the European Economic Area, it contributes sizably to the EU budget. The government has moved ahead with privatization. Although Norwegian oil production peaked in 2000, natural gas production is still rising. Norwegians realize that once their gas production peaks they will eventually face declining oil and gas revenues; accordingly, Norway has been saving its oil-and-gas-boosted budget surpluses in a Government Petroleum Fund, which is invested abroad and now is valued at more than $250 billion. After lackluster growth of less than 1% in 2002-03, GDP growth picked up to 3-4% in 2004-06. Norway's economy remains buoyant. Domestic economic activity is, and will continue to be, the main driver of growth, supported by high consumer confidence and strong investment spending in the offshore oil and gas sector.
GDP - real growth rate: 4.6% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $213.6 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $264.4 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $46,300 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.3%
industry: 41.4%
services: 56.3% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 4.1%
highest 10%: 21.8% (1995)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.3% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 2.42 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 4%
industry: 22%
services: 74% (1995)
Unemployment rate: 3.5% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $195.8 billion
expenditures: $133.1 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
Industrial production growth rate: 1.8% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 108.9 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 112.8 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 3.8 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 15.3 billion kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 3.22 million bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption: 244,300 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 3.018 million bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 91,930 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 8.5 billion bbl (1 January 2005)
Natural gas - production: 83.49 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 75.4 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish
Exports: $122.6 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
Exports - partners: UK 26.6%, Germany 12.2%, Netherlands 10.4%, France 8.2%, Sweden 6.5%, US 5.9% (2006)
Imports: $59.9 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs
Imports - partners: Sweden 15%, Germany 13.5%, Denmark 6.9%, UK 6.4%, China 5.7%, US 5.3%, Netherlands 4.1% (2006)
Debt - external: $350.3 billion; note - Norway is a net external creditor (30 June 2006)
Currency: Norwegian Kroner (NOK)

Current Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates
Historical Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates
Chart Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates
Currency code: NOK
Exchange rates: Norwegian kroner per US dollar - 6.4117 (2006), 6.4425 (2005), 6.7408 (2004), 7.0802 (2003), 7.9838 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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