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World > Europe > Montenegro > Economy (Facts)

Montenegro - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The republic of Montenegro severed its economy from federal control and from Serbia during the MILOSEVIC era and maintained its own central bank, used the euro instead of the Yugoslav dinar as official currency, collected customs tariffs, and managed its own budget. The dissolution of the loose political union between Serbia and Montenegro in 2006 led to separate membership in several international financial institutions, such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. On 18 January 2007, Montenegro joined the World Bank and IMF. Montenegro is pursuing its own membership in the World Trade Organization as well as negotiating a Stabilization and Association agreement with the European Union in anticipation of eventual membership. Severe unemployment remains a key political and economic problem for this entire region. Montenegro has privatized its large aluminum complex - the dominant industry - as well as most of its financial sector, and has begun to attract foreign direct investment in the tourism sector.
GDP - real growth rate: NA
GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.443 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.27 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,800 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Population below poverty line: 12.2% (2003)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (2004)
Labor force: 259,100 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2%
industry: 30%
services: 68% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 27.7% (2005)
Budget: revenues: NA
expenditures: NA
Industries: steelmaking, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism
Electricity - production: 2.864 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 18.6 million kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - consumption: 450 bbl/day (2004)
Agriculture - products: grains, tobacco, potatoes, citrus fruits, olives, grapes; sheepherding; commercial fishing negligible
Exports: $171.3 million (2003)
Exports - partners: Switzerland 83.9%, Italy 6.1%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3% (2006)
Imports: $601.7 million (2003)
Imports - partners: Greece 10.2%, Italy 10.2%, Germany 9.6%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.2% (2006)
Debt - external: NA
Economic aid - recipient: NA
Currency: Euro (EUR)

Current Euro Exchange Rates
Historical Euro Exchange Rates
Chart Euro Exchange Rates
Currency code: EUR
Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8089 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Ranking Positions - Euro Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Ranking Positions
Euro Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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