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World > Middle East > Kuwait > Economy (Facts)

Kuwait - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with self-reported crude oil reserves of about 96 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country. High oil prices in recent years have helped build Kuwait's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. As a result of this positive fiscal situation, the need for economic reforms is less urgent and the government has not earnestly pushed through new initiatives.
GDP - real growth rate: 12.6% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $55.91 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $60.72 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $23,100 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.4%
industry: 48.3%
services: 51.3% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 1.136 million
note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Unemployment rate: 2.2% (2004 est.)
Budget: revenues: $59.58 billion
expenditures: $33.62 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials
Industrial production growth rate: 13.1% (2005 est.)
Electricity - production: 40.37 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 37.54 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 2.418 million bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption: 335,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 2.2 million bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 96.5 billion bbl (2006 est.)
Natural gas - production: 9.7 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: practically no crops; fish
Exports: $56.06 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: oil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partners: Japan 20.2%, South Korea 16%, Taiwan 11.5%, Singapore 9.6%, US 8.9%, Netherlands 5.1%, China 4.1% (2006)
Imports: $19.12 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partners: US 14.1%, Japan 7.8%, Germany 7.7%, Saudi Arabia 6.8%, China 5.7%, UK 5.4%, Italy 4.6% (2006)
Debt - external: $19.7 billion (2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: NA
Currency: Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD)
Currency code: KWD
Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.29 (2006), 0.292 (2005), 0.2947 (2004), 0.298 (2003), 0.3039 (2002)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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