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World > Oceania > American Samoa > Economy (Facts)

American Samoa - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.
GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2003)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $510.1 million (2003 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $333.8 million (2005)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,800 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA
Labor force: 17,630 (2005)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 34%
industry: 33%
services: 33% (1990)
Unemployment rate: 29.8% (2005)
Budget: revenues: $121 million (37% in local revenue and 63% in US grants)
expenditures: $127 million; including capital expenditures of NA (FY96/97)
Industries: tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate: NA
Electricity - production: 128 million kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 119 million kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - consumption: 3,900 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock
Exports: $445.6 million (FY04 est.)
Exports - commodities: canned tuna 93% (2004 est.)
Exports - partners: Indonesia 28.2%, India 22.3%, Australia 15.3%, Japan 11.2%, NZ 7.1% (2006)
Imports: $308.8 million (FY04 est.)
Imports - commodities: materials for canneries 56%, food 8%, petroleum products 7%, machinery and parts 6% (2004 est.)
Imports - partners: Australia 66%, Samoa 13.8%, NZ 10.8% (2006)
Debt - external: NA
Economic aid - recipient: important financial support from the US, more than $40 million in 1994
Currency: US Dollar (USD)

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Currency code: USD
Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Current Time - Ranking Positions - US Dollar Exchange Rates



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