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World > Europe > Albania > Economy (Facts)

Albania - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Lagging behind its Balkan neighbors, Albania is making the difficult transition to a more modern open-market economy. The government has taken measures to curb violent crime and reduce the large gray economy. The economy is bolstered by annual remittances from abroad of $600-$800 million, mostly from Albanians residing in Greece and Italy; this helps offset the towering trade deficit. Agriculture, which accounts for about one-quarter of GDP, is held back because of lack of modern equipment, unclear property rights, and the prevalence of small, inefficient plots of land. Energy shortages and antiquated and inadequate infrastructure contribute to Albania's poor business environment, which make it difficult to attract and sustain foreign investment. The planned construction of a new thermal power plant near Vlore and improved transmission and distribution facilities eventually will help relieve the energy shortages. Also, the government is moving slowly to improve the poor national road and rail network, a long-standing barrier to sustained economic growth. On the positive side, growth was strong in 2003-06 and inflation is low and stable.
GDP - real growth rate: 5% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $20.46 billion
note: Albania has a large gray economy that may be as large as 50% of official GDP (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $9.306 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,700 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 23.3%
industry: 18.8%
services: 57.9% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 25% (2004 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2006)
Labor force: 1.09 million (not including 352,000 emigrant workers) (September 2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 58%
industry: 15%
services: 27% (September 2006 est.)
Unemployment rate: 13.8% official rate, but may exceed 30% due to preponderance of near-subsistence farming (September 2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $2.608 billion
expenditures: $3.1 billion; including capital expenditures of $710 million (2007 est.)
Industries: food processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
Industrial production growth rate: 3.4% (2005 est.)
Electricity - production: 5.451 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption: 3.53 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports: 729 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports: 385 million kWh (2005)
Oil - production: 3,600 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption: 25,200 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - exports: 1,240 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - imports: 21,600 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - proved reserves: 165 million bbl (1 January 2005)
Natural gas - production: 30 million cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products
Exports: $763.2 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: textiles and footwear; asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil; vegetables, fruits, tobacco
Exports - partners: Italy 67.8%, Serbia and Montenegro 5.8%, Greece 5.4% (2006)
Imports: $2.901 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals
Imports - partners: Italy 32%, Greece 17.7%, Turkey 8%, Germany 5.6% (2006)
Debt - external: $1.55 billion (2004)
Economic aid - recipient: ODA: $366 million
note: top donors were Italy, EU, Germany (2003 est.)
Currency: Albanian Lek (ALL)
Currency code: ALL
Exchange rates: leke per US dollar - 98.384 (2006), 102.649 (2005), 102.78 (2004), 121.863 (2003), 140.155 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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