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World > Africa > Algeria > Government and Political Conditions (Notes)

Algeria - Government and Political Conditions (Notes)


GOVERNMENT
Under the 1976 Constitution (as modified 1979, and amended in 1988, 1989, and 1996) Algeria is a multi-party state. The Ministry of the Interior must approve all political parties. According to the Constitution, no political association may be formed 'based on differences in religion, language, race gender or region.' Algeria has universal suffrage at the age of 18.

The head of state is the president of the republic. The president, elected to a five-year term, and constitutionally limited to two terms, is the head of the Council of Ministers and of the High Security Council. He appoints the prime minister as well as one-third of the upper house (the Council of the Nation). The prime minister presides over the Council of Ministers and serves as head of the government.

The Algerian Parliament is bicameral, consisting of a lower chamber, the National People's Assembly (APN), with 380 members and an upper chamber, the Council of the Nation, with 144 members. The APN is elected every five years. The next round of legislative elections is scheduled to take place in 2007. Two-thirds of the Council of the Nation is elected by regional and municipal authorities; the rest are appointed by the president. The Council of the Nation serves a six-year term with one-half of the seats up for election or reappointment every three years. The next round of elections and appointments to the Council of the Nation will occur in May 2007. Either the president or one of the parliamentary chambers may initiate legislation. Legislation must be brought before both chambers before it becomes law. Sessions of the APN are televised.

Algeria is divided into 48 wilayates (states or provinces) headed by walis (governors) who report to the Minister of Interior. Each wilaya is further divided into communes. The wilayates and communes are each governed by an elected assembly.

Principal Government Officials
President and Minister of National Defense--Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Head of Government (Prime Minister)--Abdelaziz Belkhadem
Minister of State for the Interior and Local Communities--Nourredine Yazid Zerhouni
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs--Mohamed Bedjaoui
Minister of State--Soltani Boudjerra
Minister Delegate in Charge of National Defense--Abdelmalek Guenaizia

Other Ministers
Agriculture and Rural Development--Said Barkat
Commerce--El Hachemi Djaaboub
Culture--Khalida Toumi
Energy and Mines--Chakib Khelil
Environment--Cherif Rahmani
Finance--Mourad Medelci
Fisheries and Sea Resources--Smail Mimoune
Health, Population and Hospital Reform--Amar Tou
Higher Education and Scientific Research--Rachid Harraoubia
Housing & Urban Planning--Mohamed Nadir Hamimid
Industry--Mahmoud Khoudri
Jobs and National Solidarity--Djamal Ould-Abbes
Justice--Tayeb Belaiz
Labor and Social Security--Tayeb Louh
Moudjahidine (Veterans)--Mohamed Cherif Abbas
National Education--Boubekeur Benbouzid
Participation and Investment Promotion--Abdelhamid Temmar
Posts, Information and Communications Technologies--Boudjemaa Haichour
Public Works--Amar Ghoul
Minister in Charge of Relations With the Parliament--Abdelaziz Ziari
Religious Affairs--Bouabdellah Ghlamallah
Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Craft Industries--Mustapha Benbada
Tourism--Noureddine Moussa
Transport--Mohamed Maghlaoui
Vocational Training--El Hadi Khaldi
Water Resources--Abdelmalek Sellal
Youth and Sports--Yahia Guiddoum

Ministers Delegate
Minister Delegate in Charge of Maghrebian and African Affairs--Abdelkader Messahel
Minister Delegate in Charge of the Family and Women's Affairs--Nouara Saadia Djaafar
Minister Delegate in Charge of Financial Reform--Karim Djoudi
Minister Delegate in Charge of Local Collectives--Daho Ould Kablia
Minister Delegate in Charge of Rural Development--Rachid Benaissa
Minister Delegate in Charge of Scientific Research--Souad Bendjaballah
Minister Delegate in Charge of Town Planning & Environment--Abderrachid Boukerzaza

Other Government Officials
Secretary General of the Government--Ahmed Noui
Speaker of the National People's Assembly (Lower House)--Amar Saadani
Speaker of the Council of the Nation (Upper House)--Abdelkader Bensalah
Governor, Central Bank--Mohamed Laksaci
Ambassador to the United States--Amine Kherbi
Permanent Representative to the United Nations, New York--Youcef Yousfi


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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