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World > Middle East > Yemen > Economy (Facts)

Yemen - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Yemen, one of the poorest countries in the Arab world, reported average annual growth of 3.5% from 2000 through 2006. Its economic fortunes depend mostly on oil. Oil revenues probably increased in 2006 as a result of higher prices. Yemen was on an IMF-supported structural adjustment program designed to modernize and streamline the economy, which led to substantial foreign debt relief and restructuring. However, government dedication to the program waned in 2001 for political reasons. Yemen is struggling to control excessive spending and rampant corruption. Yemen is dependent on foreign aid to finance its budget deficits and development projects. In November, Yemen secured $4.7 billion in assistance from Arabian Gulf and Western donors.
GDP - real growth rate: 2.6% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $20.63 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $15.07 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 12.5%
industry: 43.8%
services: 43.7% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 45.2% (2003)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 25.9% (2003)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 14.8% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 5.759 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: note: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
Unemployment rate: 35% (2003 est.)
Budget: revenues: $7.314 billion
expenditures: $6.984 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair
Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production: 4.077 billion kWh (2004 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 3.792 billion kWh (2004 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 387,500 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption: 85,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 320,600 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 3.72 billion bbl (2006 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
Exports: $8.214 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish
Exports - partners: China 29.9%, India 16.6%, Thailand 15.9%, South Korea 6.4%, US 6.4%, Switzerland 5.2% (2006)
Imports: $5.042 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Imports - partners: UAE 15.8%, China 12.3%, Saudi Arabia 7.5%, Switzerland 6.4%, Kuwait 5.6%, Malaysia 4% (2006)
Debt - external: $5.469 billion (2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $2.3 billion (2003-07 disbursements)
Currency: YER
Currency code: YER
Exchange rates: Yemeni rials per US dollar - 197.18 (2006), 192.67 (2005), 184.78 (2004), 183.45 (2003), 175.63 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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