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World > Europe > Holy See (Vatican City)

   flag of Holy See (Vatican City)
   Holy See (Vatican City)

Introduction:
Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope's holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of 'prisoner' popes and Italy were resolved in 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. In 1984, a concordat between the Holy See and Italy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include religious freedom, international development, the Middle East, terrorism, interreligious dialogue and reconciliation, and the application of church doctrine in an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1 billion people worldwide profess the Catholic faith.


Official name: The Holy See (State of the Vatican City)
Capital: name: Vatican City
geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 27 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Government type: ecclesiastical
Population: 821 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
Official Currency: Euro (EUR)

Current Euro Exchange Rates
Historical Euro Exchange Rates
Chart Euro Exchange Rates
Currency code: EUR
Area: total: 0.44 sq km
land: 0.44 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Climate: temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)


Map of Holy See (Vatican City)
map of Holy See (Vatican City)


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