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World > Africa > Sao Tome and Principe

   flag of Sao Tome and Principe
   Sao Tome and Principe

Introduction:
Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. Although the first free elections were held in 1991, the political environment has been one of continued instability with frequent changes in leadership and coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea promises to have a significant impact on the country's economy.


Official name: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
Capital: name: Sao Tome
geographic coordinates: 0 12 N, 6 39 E
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: republic
Population: 199,579 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Portuguese (official)
Official Currency: Sao Tome and Principe Dobra (STD)
Currency code: STD
Area: total: 1,001 sq km
land: 1,001 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)


Map of Sao Tome and Principe
map of Sao Tome and Principe


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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