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World > Asia > Thailand > Economy (Facts)

Thailand - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: With a well-developed infrastructure, a free-enterprise economy, and pro-investment policies, Thailand appears to have fully recovered from the 1997-98 Asian Financial Crisis. The country was one of East Asia's best performers from 2002-04. Boosted by increased consumption and strong export growth, the Thai economy grew 6.9% in 2003 and 6.1% in 2004 despite a sluggish global economy. Bangkok has pursued preferential trade agreements with a variety of partners in an effort to boost exports and to maintain high growth. In late December 2004, a major tsunami took 8,500 lives in Thailand and caused massive destruction of property in the southern provinces of Krabi, Phangnga, and Phuket. In 2006, investment stagnated as investors, spooked by the THAKSIN administration's political problems, stayed on the sidelines. The military coup in September brought in a new economic team led by the former central bank governor. In December, the Thai Board of Investment reported the value of investment applications from January to November had declined by 27% year-on-year. On the positive side, exports have performed at record levels, rising nearly 17% in 2006. Export-oriented manufacturing - in particular automobile production - and farm output are driving these gains.
GDP - real growth rate: 4.8% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $596.5 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $197.7 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,200 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 10%
industry: 44.9%
services: 45.2% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 10% (2004 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 32.4% (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.1% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 36.41 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 49%
industry: 14%
services: 37% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 2.1% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $40.31 billion
expenditures: $40.34 billion; including capital expenditures of $5 billion (2006 est.)
Industries: tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer
Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 121.7 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 116.2 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 372 million kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 3.388 billion kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 230,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption: 900,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 583.4 million bbl (1 January 2005)
Natural gas - production: 22.36 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 7.5 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans
Exports: $123.5 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: textiles and footwear, fishery products, rice, rubber, jewelry, automobiles, computers and electrical appliances
Exports - partners: US 15%, Japan 12.7%, China 9%, Singapore 6.4%, Hong Kong 5.5%, Malaysia 5.1% (2006)
Imports: $119.3 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels
Imports - partners: Japan 20.1%, China 10.6%, US 6.7%, Malaysia 6.6%, UAE 5.6%, Singapore 4.5% (2006)
Debt - external: $57.83 billion (30 June 2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $72 million (2002)
Currency: Thai Baht (THB)

Current Thai Baht Exchange Rates
Historical Thai Baht Exchange Rates
Chart Thai Baht Exchange Rates
Currency code: THB
Exchange rates: baht per US dollar - 37.882 (2006), 40.22 (2005), 40.222 (2004), 41.485 (2003), 42.96 (2002)
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Thai Baht Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Thai Baht Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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