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World > Europe > Svalbard

   flag of Svalbard
   Svalbard

Introduction:
First discovered by the Norwegians in the 12th century, the islands served as an international whaling base during the 17th and 18th centuries. Norway's sovereignty was recognized in 1920; five years later it officially took over the territory.


Official name: Svalbard
Capital: name: Longyearbyen
geographic coordinates: 78 13 N, 15 33 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Government type: NA
Population: 2,214 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Norwegian, Russian
Official Currency: Norwegian Kroner (NOK)

Current Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates
Historical Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates
Chart Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates
Currency code: NOK
Area: total: 61,020 sq km
land: 61,020 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)
Climate: arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year


Map of Svalbard
map of Svalbard


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Current Time - Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates



Facts at a Glance
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Norwegian Kroner Exchange Rates







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