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World > Oceania > Papua New Guinea

   flag of Papua New Guinea
   Papua New Guinea

Introduction:
The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.


Official name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Capital: name: Port Moresby
geographic coordinates: 9 30 S, 147 10 E
time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: constitutional parliamentary democracy
Population: 5,795,887 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region
note: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)
Official Currency: Papua New Guinea Kina (PGK)
Currency code: PGK
Area: total: 462,840 sq km
land: 452,860 sq km
water: 9,980 sq km
Climate: tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation


Map of Papua New Guinea
map of Papua New Guinea


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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