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World > Oceania > New Caledonia

   flag of New Caledonia
   New Caledonia

Introduction:
Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct as many as three referenda between 2013 and 2018, to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.


Official name: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
Capital: name: Noumea
geographic coordinates: 22 16 S, 166 27 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: NA
Population: 221,943 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
Official Currency: CFP Franc (XPF)

Current CFP Franc Exchange Rates
Historical CFP Franc Exchange Rates
Chart CFP Franc Exchange Rates
Currency code: XPF
Area: total: 19,060 sq km
land: 18,575 sq km
water: 485 sq km
Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid


Map of New Caledonia
map of New Caledonia


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - CFP Franc Exchange Rates



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