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World > Middle East > Oman > Economy (Facts)

Oman - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Oman is a middle-income economy in the Middle East with notable oil and gas resources, a substantial trade surplus, and low inflation. Sustained high oil prices in recent years have helped build Oman's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. Oman joined the World Trade Organization in November 2000 and continues to liberalize its markets. It ratified a free trade agreement with the US in September 2006 and, through the Gulf Cooperation Council, seeks similar agreements with the EU, China and Japan. To reduce unemployment and limit dependence on foreign labor, the government is encouraging the replacement of foreign expatriate workers with local workers. Oman actively seeks private foreign investors, especially in the industrial, information technology, tourism, and higher education fields. Industrial development plans focus on gas resources, metal manufacturing, petrochemicals, and international transshipment ports.
GDP - real growth rate: 6.6% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $44.53 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $27.25 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,400 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.6%
industry: 38.8%
services: 58.7% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 920,000 (2002 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Unemployment rate: 15% (2004 est.)
Budget: revenues: $14.33 billion
expenditures: $12.81 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Industrial production growth rate: 5.9% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 14.33 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 13.33 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 740,000 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - consumption: 60,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 733,100 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 4.7 billion bbl (2006 est.)
Natural gas - production: 17.2 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 10.43 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Exports: $24.73 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles
Exports - partners: China 23.7%, South Korea 18%, Japan 10.9%, Thailand 10.7%, South Africa 7.7%, UAE 6.3% (2006)
Imports: $10.29 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
Imports - partners: UAE 22.4%, Japan 16.4%, US 8.1%, Germany 5.4%, India 4.3% (2006)
Debt - external: $4.259 billion (2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $76.4 million (1995)
Currency: Omani Rial (OMR)
Currency code: OMR
Exchange rates: Omani rials per US dollar - 0.3845 (2006), 0.3845 (2005), 0.3845 (2004), 0.3845 (2003), 0.3845 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
Relations with U.S.





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