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World > Africa > Morocco

   flag of Morocco
   Morocco

Introduction:
In 788, about a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, successive Moorish dynasties began to rule in Morocco. In the 16th century, the Sa'adi monarchy, particularly under Ahmad AL-MANSUR (1578-1603), repelled foreign invaders and inaugurated a golden age. In 1860, Spain occupied northern Morocco and ushered in a half century of trade rivalry among European powers that saw Morocco's sovereignty steadily erode; in 1912, the French imposed a protectorate over the country. A protracted independence struggle with France ended successfully in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier and most Spanish possessions were turned over to the new country that same year. Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved. Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature, which first met in 1997. Lower house elections were last held in September 2002, while upper house elections were last held in September 2006.


Official name: Kingdom of Morocco
Capital: name: Rabat
geographic coordinates: 34 01 N, 6 49 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: constitutional monarchy
Population: 33,757,175 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy
Official Currency: Moroccan Dirham (MAD)

Current Moroccan Dirham Exchange Rates
Historical Moroccan Dirham Exchange Rates
Chart Moroccan Dirham Exchange Rates
Currency code: MAD
Area: total: 446,550 sq km
land: 446,300 sq km
water: 250 sq km
Climate: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior


Map of Morocco
map of Morocco


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Moroccan Dirham Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Moroccan Dirham Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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