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World > Europe > Moldova > Economy (Facts)

Moldova - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe despite recent progress from its small economic base. It enjoys a favorable climate and good farmland but has no major mineral deposits. As a result, the economy depends heavily on agriculture, featuring fruits, vegetables, wine, and tobacco. Moldova must import almost all of its energy supplies. Moldova's dependence on Russian energy was underscored at the end of 2005, when a Russian-owned electrical station in Moldova's separatist Transnistria region cut off power to Moldova and Russia's Gazprom cut off natural gas to Moldova in disputes over pricing. The economy achieved 6% or more GDP growth every year from 2000-05, though this was based largely on consumption fueled by remittances received from Moldovans working abroad. Russia's decision to ban Moldovan wine and agricultural products, coupled with its decision to double the price Moldova paid for Russian natural gas, slowed GDP growth in 2006 and greatly exacerbated Moldova's economic troubles. Economic reforms have been slow because of corruption and strong political forces backing government controls; nevertheless, the government's primary goal of EU integration has resulted in some market-oriented progress. The economy remains vulnerable to higher fuel prices, poor agricultural weather, and the skepticism of foreign investors. Also, the presence of an illegal separatist regime in Moldova's Transnistria region continues to be a drag on the Moldovan economy.
GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $9.07 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.574 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 21.5%
industry: 22%
services: 56.5% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 29.5% (2005)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.2%
highest 10%: 26.4% (2003)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 14.1% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 1.339 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 40.7%
industry: 12.1%
services: 47.2% (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate: 7.3%; note - roughly 25% of working age Moldovans are employed abroad (2005 est.)
Budget: revenues: $1.318 billion
expenditures: $1.335 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: sugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles
Industrial production growth rate: 6.9% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 1.229 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption: 4.203 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports: 130 million kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 2.9 billion kWh (2005)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 14,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 2.17 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: vegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk
Exports: $1.02 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, machinery
Exports - partners: Russia 22.5%, Germany 12%, Italy 10.9%, Romania 10.5%, Ukraine 9.4%, Belarus 5.6% (2006)
Imports: $2.65 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: mineral products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles
Imports - partners: Russia 21.9%, Ukraine 17.8%, Romania 9.6%, Germany 9.2%, Italy 6.4%, Poland 4.6% (2006)
Debt - external: $2.142 billion (30 June 2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $6.376 billion (2003)
Currency: Moldovan leu (MDL)

Current Moldovan leu Exchange Rates
Historical Moldovan leu Exchange Rates
Chart Moldovan leu Exchange Rates
Currency code: MDL
Exchange rates: lei per US dollar - 13.131 (2006), 12.6 (2005), 12.33 (2004), 13.945 (2003), 13.571 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Moldovan leu Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Moldovan leu Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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