GeographyIQ.comGeographyIQ.com
  Home
  Rankings


A B C D E F
G H I J K L
M N O P Q R
S T U V W Y
Z          


Currency Converter

 


World > Africa > Madagascar > Government and Political Conditions (Notes)

Madagascar - Government and Political Conditions (Notes)


GOVERNMENT
In March 1998, Malagasy voters approved a revised Constitution. The principal institutions of the Republic of Madagascar are a presidency, a parliament (National Assembly and Senate), a prime ministry and cabinet, and an independent judiciary. The president is elected by direct universal suffrage for a 5-year term, renewable twice. The last presidential election was held on December 3, 2006.

The National Assembly consists of 160 representatives elected by direct vote every 5 years. The last election was held in December 2002, The Senate consists of 90 senators, two-thirds elected by local legislators and other Grand Electors and one-third appointed by the president, all for 6-year terms. A prime minister and council of ministers carries out day-to-day management of government. The president appoints the prime minister.

The prime minister and members of Parliament initiate legislation, and the government executes it. The president can dissolve the National Assembly. For its part, the National Assembly can pass a motion of censure and require the prime minister and council of ministers to step down. The Constitutional Court approves the constitutionality of new laws.

In an effort to decentralize administration, the 1998 Constitution called for the six provinces (faritany) to become autonomous. The six provinces are Antananarivo, Mahajanga, Antsiranana, Toamasina, Fianarantsoa, and Toliary.

Principal Government Officials
President--Marc Ravalomanana
Prime Minister--General Charles Rabemananjara
President of the Senate--Guy Rajemison Rakotomaharo
President of National Assembly--Mahafaritsy Samuel Razakanirina
Minister of Defense--General Petera Behajaina
Minister of Finance and Budget--Benjamin Radavidson Andriamparany
Minister of Foreign Affairs--Marcel Ranjeva
Minister of Public Works and Meteorology--Roland Randimampionona
Minister of Transportation and Tourism--Julien Laporte Ravelonarivo
Minister of Energy--Patrick Xavier Heriniaina Ramiaramanana
Minister within the Presidency, in charge of Decentralization and Country Planning--Yvan Andrianasandratriniony
Minister of Justice--Lala Henriette Ratsiharovala
Minister of Civil Service, Labor and Social Law--Tsiandopy Mahafaly Jacquis
Minister of Environment, Water and Forest--Koto Bernard
Minister of Health and Family Planning--Dr. Jean Louis Robinson
Minister of National Education and Scientific Researches--Haja Nirina Razafinjatovo
Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries--Marius De Sales Ratolojanahary
Minister of Sports--Philemon Michel Rabarison
Minister of Telecommunications, Posts and Communication--Bruno Andrianatavison Ramaroson
Minister of Economy, Planning, Private Sector and Commerce--Harison Edmond
Minister of Mines--Olivier Donat Andriamahefaparany
Vice Minister for Education and Scientific Research--Cécile Marie Ange Manorohanta
Vice Minister for Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries--Harifidy, Jean Seth, Alain Ramilison
State Secretary within the Ministry of Interior in charge of Public Security--Désiré Rasolofomanana
State Secretary within the Ministry of Telecommunications, Posts, and Communication in charge of Culture and Leisure--Hermann Razafindravelo

Ambassador to the U.S.--Narisoa Rajaonarivony
Ambassador to the UN--Zina Andrianarivelo-Razafy

Madagascar maintains an embassy in the United States at 2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-265-5525).


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





   Privacy Policy

   Portions of this site are based on public domain works from the U.S. Dept. of State and the CIA World Fact Book
   All original material copyright © 2002 - GeographyIQ.com. All Rights Reserved.
   For comments and feedback, write to us at info@GeographyIQ.com.