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World > Middle East > Lebanon > Economy (Facts)

Lebanon - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The 1975-90 civil war seriously damaged Lebanon's economic infrastructure, cut national output by half, and all but ended Lebanon's position as a Middle Eastern entrepot and banking hub. In the years since, Lebanon has rebuilt much of its war-torn physical and financial infrastructure by borrowing heavily - mostly from domestic banks. In an attempt to reduce the ballooning national debt, the Rafiq HARIRI government began an austerity program, reining in government expenditures, increasing revenue collection, and privatizing state enterprises, but economic and financial reform initiatives stalled and public debt continued to grow despite receipt of more than $2 billion in bilateral assistance at the Paris II Donors Conference. The Israeli-Hizballah conflict caused an estimated $3.6 billion in infrastructure damage in July and August 2006, and internal Lebanese political tension continues to hamper economic activity.
GDP - real growth rate: -6.4% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $22.02 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $19.89 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,700 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7%
industry: 21%
services: 72% (2005)
Population below poverty line: 28% (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.8% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 1.5 million
note: in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Unemployment rate: 20% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $4.444 billion
expenditures: $7.429 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: banking, tourism, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating
Industrial production growth rate: NA
Electricity - production: 9.762 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 9.529 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 450 million kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 107,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats
Exports: $1.881 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities: authentic jewelry, inorganic chemicals, miscellaneous consumer goods, fruit, tobacco, construction minerals, electric power machinery and switchgear, textile fibers, paper
Exports - partners: Syria 26.4%, UAE 11.8%, Switzerland 7.9%, Saudi Arabia 5.6%, Turkey 4.4% (2006)
Imports: $9.34 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities: petroleum products, cars, medicinal products, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics, tobacco
Imports - partners: Syria 11.4%, Italy 9.6%, US 9.2%, France 7.6%, Germany 5.9%, China 4.9%, Saudi Arabia 4.7% (2006)
Debt - external: $31.1 billion (2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $2.2 billion received (2003) from the $4.2 billion in soft loans pledged at the November 2002 Paris II Aid Conference
Currency: Lebanese Pound (LBP)
Currency code: LBP
Exchange rates: Lebanese pounds per US dollar - 1,507.5 (2006), 1,507.5 (2005), 1,507.5 (2004), 1,507.5 (2003), 1,507.5 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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