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World > Asia > Kazakhstan

   flag of Kazakhstan
   Kazakhstan

Introduction:
Native Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural 'Virgin Lands' program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence in 1991 caused many of these newcomers to emigrate. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states combined, largely due to the country's vast natural resources and a recent history of political stability. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; achieving a sustainable economic growth; diversifying the economy outside the oil, gas, and mining sectors; enhancing Kazakhstan's competitiveness; and strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.


Official name: Republic of Kazakhstan
Capital: name: Astana
geographic coordinates: 51 10 N, 71 25 E
time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note: Kazakhstan is divided into three time zones
Government type: republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
Population: 15,284,929 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the 'language of interethnic communication') 95% (2001 est.)
Official Currency: Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT)

Current Kazakhstan Tenge Exchange Rates
Historical Kazakhstan Tenge Exchange Rates
Chart Kazakhstan Tenge Exchange Rates
Currency code: KZT
Area: total: 2,717,300 sq km
land: 2,669,800 sq km
water: 47,500 sq km
Climate: continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid


Map of Kazakhstan
map of Kazakhstan


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Kazakhstan Tenge Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Kazakhstan Tenge Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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