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World > Europe > Iceland

   flag of Iceland
   Iceland

Introduction:
Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944. Literacy, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.


Official name: Republic of Iceland
Capital: name: Reykjavik
geographic coordinates: 64 09 N, 21 57 W
time difference: UTC (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: constitutional republic
Population: 301,931 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Official Currency: Iceland Krona (ISK)

Current Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Historical Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Chart Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Currency code: ISK
Area: total: 103,000 sq km
land: 100,250 sq km
water: 2,750 sq km
Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers


Map of Iceland
map of Iceland


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Iceland Krona Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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