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World > Europe > Iceland > Economy (Facts)

Iceland - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Iceland's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet with an extensive welfare system (including generous housing subsidies), low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except for abundant geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides nearly 70% of export earnings and employs 6% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations in world prices for its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Government policies include reducing the current account deficit, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, and diversifying the economy. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Icelanders' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Iceland's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, and new developments in software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, with the recent trends in ecotourism and whale watching. Since 2000 growth has varied from -1% in 2002 to 8% in 2004. The 2006 closure of the US military base at Keflavik had very little impact on the national economy; Iceland's low unemployment rate aided former base employees in finding alternate employment.
GDP - real growth rate: 2.6% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $11.38 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $13.71 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $38,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8.4%
industry: 15.6%
services: 76% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.8% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 173,000 (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 5.1%
industry: 23%
services: 71.4% (2005)
Unemployment rate: 1.3% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $7.345 billion
expenditures: $6.655 billion; including capital expenditures of $467 million (2006 est.)
Industries: fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, tourism
Industrial production growth rate: 5% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 8.474 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 7.881 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 20,560 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 17,450 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, dairy products; fish
Exports: $3.587 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: fish and fish products 70%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite
Exports - partners: Netherlands 17.6%, UK 16.4%, Germany 15.9%, Spain 6.8%, US 6.6%, Norway 4.2% (2006)
Imports: $5.189 billion (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles
Imports - partners: Germany 13%, US 9%, Norway 7.6%, Sweden 7.6%, Denmark 6.6%, UK 5.6%, Netherlands 5.2%, China 4.9%, Japan 4.4%, France 4.2% (2006)
Debt - external: $3.073 billion (2002)
Currency: Iceland Krona (ISK)

Current Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Historical Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Chart Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Currency code: ISK
Exchange rates: Icelandic kronur per US dollar - 70.195 (2006), 62.982 (2005), 70.192 (2004), 76.709 (2003), 91.662 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Iceland Krona Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Iceland Krona Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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