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World > Africa > Gambia, The

   flag of Gambia, The
   Gambia, The

Introduction:
The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections, including most recently in late 2006.


Official name: Republic of The Gambia
Capital: name: Banjul
geographic coordinates: 13 27 N, 16 34 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: republic
Population: 1,688,359 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Official Currency: Gambian Dalasi (GMD)
Currency code: GMD
Area: total: 11,300 sq km
land: 10,000 sq km
water: 1,300 sq km
Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)


Map of Gambia, The
map of Gambia, The


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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