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World > South America > Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) > Economy (Facts)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The economy was formerly based on agriculture, mainly sheep farming, but today fishing contributes the bulk of economic activity. In 1987 the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falkland Islands' exclusive fishing zone. These license fees total more than $40 million per year, which help support the island's health, education, and welfare system. Squid accounts for 75% of the fish taken. Dairy farming supports domestic consumption; crops furnish winter fodder. Exports feature shipments of high-grade wool to the UK and the sale of postage stamps and coins. The islands are now self-financing except for defense. The British Geological Survey announced a 200-mile oil exploration zone around the islands in 1993, and early seismic surveys suggest substantial reserves capable of producing 500,000 barrels per day; to date, no exploitable site has been identified. An agreement between Argentina and the UK in 1995 seeks to defuse licensing and sovereignty conflicts that would dampen foreign interest in exploiting potential oil reserves. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is increasing rapidly, with about 30,000 visitors in 2001. Another large source of income is interest paid on money the government has in the bank. The British military presence also provides a sizeable economic boost.
GDP - real growth rate: NA
GDP (purchasing power parity): $75 million (2002 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): NA
GDP - per capita (PPP): $25,000 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 95%
industry: NA
services: NA
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (1998)
Labor force: 1,724 (est.) (1996)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)
industry and services: 5%
Unemployment rate: full employment; labor shortage (2001)
Budget: revenues: $66.2 million
expenditures: $67.9 million; including capital expenditures of $23.2 million (FY98/99 est.)
Industries: fish and wool processing; tourism
Industrial production growth rate: NA
Electricity - production: 16 million kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 14.88 million kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 230 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: fodder and vegetable crops; sheep, dairy products; fish, squid
Exports: $125 million (2004 est.)
Exports - commodities: wool, hides, meat, fish, squid
Exports - partners: Spain 81.9%, US 6%, UK 4.5% (2006)
Imports: $90 million (2004 est.)
Imports - commodities: fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing
Imports - partners: UK 72.5%, US 15.1%, Netherlands 8.5% (2006)
Debt - external: NA
Economic aid - recipient: $0 (1997 est.)
Currency: Falkland Islands Pound (FKP)
Currency code: FKP
Exchange rates: Falkland pounds per US dollar - 0.5434 (2006), 0.5504 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002)
note: the Falkland pound is at par with the British pound
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March


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