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World > Europe > Finland > Relations with U.S. (Notes)

Finland - Relations with U.S. (Notes)


U.S.-FINLAND RELATIONS
Relations between the United States and Finland are warm. Some 200,000 U.S. citizens visit Finland annually, and about 5,000 U.S. citizens are resident there. The United States has an educational exchange program in Finland which is comparatively large for a west European country of Finlands size. It is financed in part from a trust fund established in 1976 from Finlands final repayment of a U.S. loan made in the aftermath of World War I.

Finland is bordered on the east by Russia and, as one of the former Soviet Unions neighbors, has been of particular interest and importance to the United States both during the Cold War and in its aftermath. Before the U.S.S.R. dissolved in 1991, longstanding U.S. policy was to support Finnish neutrality while maintaining and reinforcing Finlands historic, cultural, and economic ties with the West. The United States has welcomed Finlands increased participation since 1991 in Western economic and political structures.

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Finland has moved steadily toward integration into Western institutions and abandoned its formal policy of neutrality, which has been recast as a policy of military nonalliance coupled with the maintenance of a credible, independent defense. Finlands 1994 decision to buy 64 F-18 fighter planes from the United States signaled the abandonment of the countrys policy of balanced arms purchases from East and West. The final aircraft rolled off the assembly line in August 2000.

In 1994, Finland joined NATOs Partnership for Peace; the country also is an observer in the North Atlantic Cooperation Council. Finland became a full member of the EU in January 1995, at the same time acquiring observer status in the Western European Union.

Finland generally welcomes foreign investment. Areas of particular interest for U.S. investors are specialized high-tech companies and investments that take advantage of Finlands position as a gateway to Russia and the Baltic countries.

Principal U.S. Embassy Officials
Ambassador--Marilyn Ware
Deputy Chief of Mission--Amy Hyatt
Public Affairs Counselor--Bill Davnie
Political Section Chief--Greg Thome
Labor Attache (Pol)--David Allen Schlaefer
Economic Section Chief--Jane Messenger
Management Officer--Ted Plosser
Commercial Officer--Brian McCleary
Defense Attache--Joy Shasteen
Consular Officer--Pirkko Urli
Regional Security Officer--Gerry Oman
Agricultural Officer--Roger Wentzel (resident in The Hague)

The U.S. Embassy in Finland is at Itainen Puistotie 14, Helsinki 00140; tel: 358-9-616-250; fax: 358-9-174-681.


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Euro Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Euro Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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