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World > Europe > Czech Republic > Economy (Facts)

Czech Republic - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The Czech Republic is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post-Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Growth in 2000-05 was supported by exports to the EU, primarily to Germany, and a strong recovery of foreign and domestic investment. Domestic demand is playing an ever more important role in underpinning growth as interest rates drop and the availability of credit cards and mortgages increases. The current account deficit has declined to around 3% of GDP as demand for Czech products in the European Union has increased. Inflation is under control. Recent accession to the EU gives further impetus and direction to structural reform. In early 2004, the government passed increases in the Value Added Tax (VAT) and tightened eligibility for social benefits with the intention to bring the public finance gap down to 4% of GDP by 2006. However, due to significant increases in social spending in the run-up to June 2006 elections, the government is not likely to meet this goal. Negotiations on pension and healthcare reforms are continuing without clear prospects for agreement and implementation. Privatization of the state-owned telecommunications firm Cesky Telecom took place in 2005. Intensified restructuring among large enterprises, improvements in the financial sector, and effective use of available EU funds should strengthen output growth.
GDP - real growth rate: 6.1% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $224 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $118.8 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $21,900 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.8%
industry: 37.8%
services: 59.4% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 4.3%
highest 10%: 22.4% (1996)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.7% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 5.31 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 4.1%
industry: 37.6%
services: 58.3% (2003)
Unemployment rate: 8.4% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $57.88 billion
expenditures: $62.53 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2006 est.)
Industries: metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
Industrial production growth rate: 9.5% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 79.14 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 58.8 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 24.6 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 9.8 billion kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 15,240 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - consumption: 203,100 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 20,930 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 203,700 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 15 million bbl (1 January 2005)
Natural gas - production: 216 million cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 88 million cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 8.815 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry
Exports: $89.34 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment 52%, chemicals 5%, raw materials and fuel 9% (2003)
Exports - partners: Germany 31.9%, Slovakia 8.5%, Poland 5.7%, France 5.6%, Austria 5.1%, UK 4.8%, Italy 4.6% (2006)
Imports: $87.7 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment 46%, raw materials and fuels 15%, chemicals 10% (2003)
Imports - partners: Germany 32%, Netherlands 6.5%, Slovakia 6.1%, Poland 6.1%, Russia 5.7%, Austria 4.9%, Italy 4.4%, France 4.4% (2006)
Debt - external: $50.2 billion (30 June 2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $2.4 billion in available EU structural adjustment and cohesion funds (2004-06)
Currency: Czech Koruna (CZK)

Current Czech Koruna Exchange Rates
Historical Czech Koruna Exchange Rates
Chart Czech Koruna Exchange Rates
Currency code: CZK
Exchange rates: koruny per US dollar - 22.596 (2006), 23.957 (2005), 25.7 (2004), 28.209 (2003), 32.739 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Czech Koruna Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Czech Koruna Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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