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World > North America > El Salvador

   flag of El Salvador
   El Salvador

Introduction:
El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.


Official name: Republic of El Salvador
Capital: name: San Salvador
geographic coordinates: 13 42 N, 89 12 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: republic
Population: 6,948,073 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Official Currency: El Salvador Colon (SVC)
Currency code: SVC
Area: total: 21,040 sq km
land: 20,720 sq km
water: 320 sq km
Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands


Map of El Salvador
map of El Salvador


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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