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World > North America > Dominican Republic > Economy (Facts)

Dominican Republic - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean representative democracy that enjoyed strong GDP growth until 2003. Although the country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economy's largest employer due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. Growth turned negative in 2003 with reduced tourism, a major bank fraud, and limited growth in the US economy (the source of about 80% of export revenues), but recovered in 2004-06. With the help of strict fiscal targets agreed in the 2004 renegotiation of an IMF standby loan, President FERNANDEZ has stabilized the country's financial situation. Although the economy continues to grow at a respectable rate, high unemployment and inflation remain important challenges. The country suffers from marked income inequality; the poorest half of the population receives less than one-fifth of GNP, while the richest 10% enjoys nearly 40% of national income. The Dominican Republic's development prospects improved with the ratification of the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) in September 2005.
GDP - real growth rate: 10.7% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $77.09 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $20.55 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $8,400 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11.2%
industry: 30.6%
services: 58.2% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line: 25%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 37.9% (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 8.2% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 3.896 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 17%
industry: 24.3%
services: 58.7% (1998 est.)
Unemployment rate: 16% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $5.852 billion
expenditures: $5.947 billion; including capital expenditures of $1.1 billion (2006 est.)
Industries: tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2001 est.)
Electricity - production: 15.02 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 13.96 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 12 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - consumption: 127,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: 116,700 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 130 million cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs
Exports: $6.495 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods
Exports - partners: US 72.8%, UK 3.2%, Belgium 2.4% (2006)
Imports: $11.39 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals
Imports - partners: US 48.6%, Colombia 6.5%, Mexico 6.1% (2006)
Debt - external: $8.634 billion (2006 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $571.6 million (2004)
Currency: Dominican Peso (DOP)
Currency code: DOP
Exchange rates: Dominican pesos per US dollar - 33.406 (2006), 30.409 (2005), 42.12 (2004), 30.831 (2003), 18.61 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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