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World > Oceania > Northern Mariana Islands

   flag of Northern Mariana Islands
   Northern Mariana Islands

Introduction:
Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.


Official name: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Capital: name: Saipan
geographic coordinates: 15 12 N, 145 45 E
time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: commonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature
Population: 84,546 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)
Official Currency: US Dollar (USD)

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Currency code: USD
Area: total: 477 sq km
land: 477 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
Climate: tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October


Map of Northern Mariana Islands
map of Northern Mariana Islands


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