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World > South America > Colombia

   flag of Colombia
   Colombia

Introduction:
Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A 40-year conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups and illegal paramilitary groups - both heavily funded by the drug trade - escalated during the 1990s. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, and violence has been decreasing since about 2002, but insurgents continue attacks against civilians and large swaths of the countryside are under guerrilla influence. More than 32,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) as a formal organization had largely ceased to function. Still, some renegades continued to engage in criminal activities. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its municipalities. However, neighboring countries worry about the violence spilling over their borders.


Official name: Republic of Colombia
Capital: name: Bogota
geographic coordinates: 4 36 N, 74 05 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Government type: republic; executive branch dominates government structure
Population: 44,379,598 (July 2007 est.)
Languages: Spanish
Official Currency: Colombian Peso (COP)

Current Colombian Peso Exchange Rates
Historical Colombian Peso Exchange Rates
Chart Colombian Peso Exchange Rates
Currency code: COP
Area: total: 1,138,910 sq km
land: 1,038,700 sq km
water: 100,210 sq km
note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank
Climate: tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands


Map of Colombia
map of Colombia


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Colombian Peso Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Colombian Peso Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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