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World > North America > Canada > Economy (Facts)

Canada - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: As an affluent, high-tech industrial society in the trillion-dollar class, Canada resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and affluent living standards. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one primarily industrial and urban. The 1989 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (which includes Mexico) touched off a dramatic increase in trade and economic integration with the US. Given its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant, Canada enjoys solid economic prospects. Top-notch fiscal management has produced consecutive balanced budgets since 1997, although public debate continues over how to manage the rising cost of the publicly funded healthcare system. Exports account for roughly a third of GDP. Canada enjoys a substantial trade surplus with its principal trading partner, the US, which absorbs about 85% of Canadian exports. Canada is the US' largest foreign supplier of energy, including oil, gas, uranium, and electric power.
GDP - real growth rate: 2.7% (2006 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.178 trillion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $1.088 trillion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $35,600 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.3%
industry: 29.2%
services: 68.5% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 15.9%; note - this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2003)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 23.8% (1994)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 17.59 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 2%, manufacturing 14%, construction 5%, services 75%, other 3% (2004)
Unemployment rate: 6.4% (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $183.5 billion
expenditures: $181.8 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2005 est.)
Industries: transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 573 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - consumption: 522.4 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - exports: 33.01 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 22.48 billion kWh (2004)
Oil - production: 3.135 million bbl/day (2004)
Oil - consumption: 2.294 million bbl/day (2004)
Oil - exports: 2.274 million bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 1.185 million bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 178.8 billion bbl
note: includes oil sands (1 January 2005 est.)
Natural gas - production: 183.6 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 104 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 10.86 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish
Exports: $405 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
Exports - partners: US 82.3%, UK 2.2%, Japan 2.1% (2006)
Imports: $353.2 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods
Imports - partners: US 55.1%, China 8.7%, Mexico 4% (2006)
Debt - external: $684.7 billion (30 June 2006)
Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)

Current Canadian Dollar Exchange Rates
Historical Canadian Dollar Exchange Rates
Chart Canadian Dollar Exchange Rates
Currency code: CAD
Exchange rates: Canadian dollars per US dollar - 1.1334 (2006), 1.2118 (2005), 1.301 (2004), 1.4011 (2003), 1.5693 (2002)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions - Canadian Dollar Exchange Rates
Notes and Commentary: Government and Political Conditions - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions
Canadian Dollar Exchange Rates


Notes and Commentary
Government and Political Conditions
Relations with U.S.





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