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World > Asia > Brunei > Economy (Facts)

Brunei - Economy (Facts)
Economy - overview: Brunei has a small well-to-do economy that encompasses a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition. Crude oil and natural gas production account for just over half of GDP and more than 90% of exports. Per capita GDP is among the highest in Asia, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production. The government provides for all medical services and free education through the university level and subsidizes rice and housing. Brunei's leaders are concerned that steadily increased integration in the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion. Plans for the future include upgrading the labor force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourist sectors, and, in general, further widening the economic base beyond oil and gas.
GDP - real growth rate: 0.4% (2005 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $9.557 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $9.531 billion (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $25,600 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 71.6%
services: 27.5% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.1% (2005)
Labor force: 180,400 (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2.9%
industry: 61.1%
services: 36% (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate: 4% (2006)
Budget: revenues: $3.765 billion
expenditures: $4.815 billion; including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)
Industries: petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction
Industrial production growth rate: 1.8% (2005 est.)
Electricity - production: 2.913 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption: 2.726 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production: 219,300 bbl/day (2006)
Oil - consumption: 14,900 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 205,600 bbl/day (2006)
Oil - imports: 660.1 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 1.35 billion bbl (1 January 2005)
Natural gas - production: 11.5 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 9.5 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: rice, vegetables, fruits; chickens, water buffalo, cattle, goats, eggs
Exports: $6.247 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities: crude oil, natural gas, refined products, clothing
Exports - partners: Japan 31.2%, Indonesia 20.3%, South Korea 13.3%, Australia 11.7%, US 7.9% (2006)
Imports: $1.481 billion c.i.f. (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals
Imports - partners: Singapore 30.7%, Malaysia 18.4%, UK 7.8%, Japan 5.4%, China 5.3%, Thailand 4.4%, South Korea 4.1% (2006)
Debt - external: $0 (2005)
Economic aid - recipient: NA
Currency: Brunei Dollar (BND)
Currency code: BND
Exchange rates: Bruneian dollars per US dollar - 1.5886 (2006), 1.6644 (2005), 1.6902 (2004), 1.7422 (2003), 1.7906 (2002)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March


Facts at a Glance: Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Climate - Current Time - Ranking Positions
Notes and Commentary: People - Economy - Government and Political Conditions - Historical Highlights - Foreign Relations - Relations with U.S.



Facts at a Glance
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Climate
Current Time
Ranking Positions


Notes and Commentary
People
Economy
Government and Political Conditions
Historical Highlights
Foreign Relations
Relations with U.S.





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